Desarrollo de habilidades blandas a partir de experiencias extraescolares en Perú. Aprendizajes de las actividades de organizaciones sin fines de lucro en escuelas públicas de Lima

Palabras clave: habilidades blandas, ONG, calidad educativa

Resumen

El objeto de estudio fue examinar la mejora de las habilidades sociales (HH. SS.) en la educación pública en el Perú a través del análisis de las técnicas de las organizaciones sin ánimo de lucro (OSAL) a nivel escolar. Los objetivos fueron (a) comprender cómo la calidad de la educación en las escuelas públicas peruanas asegura el desarrollo de HH. SS., (b) explorar el potencial de las OSAL para apoyar el desarrollo de HH. SS. en las escuelas públicas. Utilizando un modelo de la OCDE, se analizaron informes y entrevistas con tres OSAL y un funcionario del gobierno. Los hallazgos incluyen iniciativas gubernamentales que indirectamente desarrollan HH. SS., pero problemas de gestión por una metodología que prioriza a los profesores en lugar de los alumnos desalientan este desarrollo. Las áreas vulnerables suelen ser entornos hostiles para el desarrollo de habilidades, transformando las OSAL en espacios disruptivos complementarios para cultivar valores, ética y habilidades. El análisis del discurso concluye que, a pesar del corto alcance, principalmente desarrollan HH. SS. relacionadas con la colaboración y el desempeño de tareas, impactando en las decisiones vocacionales, en las familias y comunidades. Las OSAL emplean una metodología lúdica y concreta que fomenta el desarrollo de HH. SS., pero es difícil de implementar en escuelas públicas, debido a la falta de gestión y recursos. Futuras investigaciones deberían explorar el impacto de las OSAL en el desarrollo de habilidades. Este estudio es pionero en LATAM.

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Biografía del autor/a

Carla Lizette Mendoza Egusquiza, University of Manchester

Magíster en Ciencias Sociales en Cambio Organizacional y Desarrollo por la University of Manchester, Reino Unido

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Publicado
2021-10-21
Cómo citar
Mendoza Egusquiza, C. L. (2021). Desarrollo de habilidades blandas a partir de experiencias extraescolares en Perú. Aprendizajes de las actividades de organizaciones sin fines de lucro en escuelas públicas de Lima. Contratexto, (036), 87-117. https://doi.org/10.26439/contratexto2021.n036.5193