Encabezado de página

Cambios en los índices de desarrollo del aprendizaje en niños pequeños con desórdenes del espectro autista

Michael Alessandri

Resumen


Se midieron los índices de desarrollo del aprendizaje en 20 niños pequeños con desórdenes del espectro autista, con una batería de pruebas objetivas de aprendizaje, lenguaje y adaptación, en un programa de intervención temprana. Estos niños recibieron entre tres y diez horas este programa altamente estructurado, con una estrategia básica de capacitación discreta por ensayo. Los datos obtenidos apoyan la hipótesis de que la intervención temprana con base conductual tiene un impacto tanto clínico como estadísticamente significativo, en los índices de desarrollo de estos pequeños niños con autismo.


Palabras clave


programas; terapia conductual

Referencias


Alpern, G.A., Boll, T., & Shearer, M. (1989). Developmental Profile II. Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.

Anderson, S.R., Avery, D.L., DiPietro, E.K., Edwards, G.L., & Christian, W.P. (1987). Intensive home-based early intervention with autistic children. Education and Treatment of Children, 10 (4), 352-366.

COSAC. (1994). I know this child can learn! The XYZ’s of behavioral intervention: Reaching and teaching individuals with autism.

Ewing, NJ. Dyer, K. (1989). The effects of preference on spontaneous verbal requests in individuals with autism. Journal of the Association of Persons with Severe Handicaps, 14 (3), 184-189.

Glover, M.E., Preminger, J.L., & Sanford, A.R. (1988). The early learning accomplishment profile for young children. Chapel Hill, NC: Chapel Hill TrainingOutreach Project.

Green, G. (1996). Early behavioral intervention for autism: What does research tell us? En: C. Maurice, G. Green, & S.C. Luce (Eds.), Behavioral intervention for young children with autism: A manual for parents and professionals (pp. 29-44). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

Harris, S.L., Handleman, J.S., Gordon, R., Kristoff, B., & Fuentes, F. (1991). Changes in cognitive and language functioning of preschool children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 21, 281-290.

Harris, S.L., Handleman, J.S., Kristoff, B., Bass, L., & Gordon, R. (1990). Changes in language development among autistic and peer children in segregated and integrated preschool settings. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 20, 23-21.

Helm, D.T., & Kozloff, M.A (1986). Research on parent training: Shortcomings and remedies. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 16 (1), 1-22.

Holmes, D.L. (1990-1991). (Exec. Ed.) Eden Institute Curriculum Series. Volumes 1-5.

Huff, R.C. (1996). Community-based early intervention for children with autism. En: C. Maurice, G. Green, & S.C. Luce (Eds.), Behavioral intervention for young children with autism: A manual for parents and professionals (pp. 251- 265). Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

Jacobson, J. W., Mulick, J.A., & Green, G. (November, 1996). Risk-cost-benefit analysis of intensive early intervention for young children with autism. (Via me-list@listserv.iupui.edu.)

Koegel, R.L., Dyer, K., & Bell, L. (1987). The influence of child-preferred activities on autistic children’s social behavior. Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis, 20, 243-252.

Koegel, R.L., Koegel, L.K., & Surratt, A. (1992). Language intervention and disruptive behavior in preschool children with autism. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, 22 (2), 141- 153.

Krug, D.A., Arick, J.R., & Almond, P.J. (1980). ASIEP: Autism Screening Instrument for Education Planning. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.

Lovaas, O.I. (1981). Teaching developmentally disabled children: The me book. Austin, TX: Pro-ed.

Lovaas, O.I. (1987). Behavioral treatment and normal education and intellectual functioning in young autistic children. Journal of Clinical and Consulting Psychology, 55, 3-9.

McEachin, J.J., Smith, T., & Lovaas, O.I. (1993). Long-term outcome for children with autism who received early intensive behavioral treatment. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 97 (4), 359-372.

Rimland, B. (1995). Is there an autism epidemic? Autism Research Review International, 9 (3), 3.

Schopler, E., & Reichler, R.J., & Renner, B.R. (1990). The childhood autism rating scale (CARS). Los Angeles, CA: Western Psychological Services.

Sparrow, S.S., Balla, D.A., & Cicchetti, D.V. (1984). Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales (Interview edition). Circle Pines, MN: American Guidance Service, Inc.

Zimmerman, I.L., Steiner, V.G., & Pond, R.E. (1979). Preschool Language Scale. The Psychological Corporation: Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc.


Texto completo: PDF

Citar:     Cite/Citar

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.



DOI: 10.26439/persona2002.n005.841


ISSN: 1560-6139